Schizoanalysis, Marginalism, Fourierism (on two additional resources for understanding the economic views of Deleuze and Guattari)


Taken from Stasis

This article analyzes how two theories, both emerging in the
nineteenth century—Fourierism and marginalism—influenced the
economic views of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari. Despite the
fact that explicit recourse to those theories in Capitalism and
Schizophrenia is merely sporadic, the implicitly inherent
interrelation between these ideas and a schizoanalyst view of
economics turns out to be rather substantial. First, marginalism is
concerned with a “logic of the (pen)ultimate,” within the
framework of which a distinction between a limit and a threshold
is introduced. This distinction is important for understanding
how the “apparatuses of capture,” which subjugate desiringproduction
to the despotic, and later to the capitalist regime,
function. Second, Fourier’s “gigantism,” mentioned by Deleuze
and Guattari, turns out to be an anticipation of their own theory
of the “desiring machine” synthesis not only as to its general
intention, but also as a detailed social mechanics, built upon the
engagement of “distributive passions.”

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