Neoliberalism and austerity are not ‘false policies’, but strategies of increasing profits by reducing labor and welfare costs. In the process of dismantling labor rights and the welfare state, a part of the population is being marginalized. It becomes ‘superfluous’, and its livingconditions approach those of the inflowing refugee masses. However, between indigenous and ‘foreign’ (refugee and immigrant) superfluous populations a clear demarcation line is being reproduced by state apparatuses and the ruling ideology: the demarcation line created by the nation, which excludes the non-nationals (refugees and immigrants) from the polity and certain state provisions. In fact, the nation may be regarded as a facet of the state itself: the ‘historically homogenized’ population of a given capitalist state. Marginalized Greek (or other European) ‘nationals’ tend to consider themselves ‘superior’ to´(equally marginalized) foreigners. Fighting nationalism and, evenmore, transcending divisions reproduced by ideologies of particularism (often being reproduced in solidarity movements that focus on ‘the rights of the ethnic other’), is a precondition for shaping of a radical left internationalism, through the consolidation of what is universal in all subaltern classes and communities: the need of proletarian unity, first of all within the country, struggling against capitalism.